Next steps logo

Florida town turns to charter schools to boost its kids, its future

Students at Bok Academy Middle School in Lake Wales, Fla., use Nooks in class. The school recently became one of 43 Apple Schools of Distinction for its efforts to create a 21st Century learning environment.
Every student at Bok Academy Middle School in Lake Wales, Fla., uses a Nook, iPad or laptop in class. The school recently was recognized nationally for its efforts to create a 21st Century learning environment.

Five hundred students sat cross-legged on the floor inside Bok Academy Middle School’s cafeteria, where Principal Damien Moses, a gentle giant with a booming voice, greeted them. “Great moments don’t happen by accident,’’ he told them.

They happen, he said, because someone had a vision.

Then he asked all the teachers at the A-rated Lake Wales, Fla., charter school to stand as he announced that Bok Academy was one of 43 schools in the nation to be designated an Apple School of Distinction. The morning celebration focused on the award, which recognized the school’s commitment to providing every student with an iPad, Nook and laptop in the classroom.

But it also marked just how far the Lake Wales Charter Schools system has come.

In 2004, it took over five district schools. Now the system has six schools, a $30 million operating budget, 400 employees and 3,800 students. It’s on the fast-track to becoming a state-designated “high-performing” charter system, meaning its schools are top performers academically and financially.

Betty Wojcik
Betty Wojcik

“We are now at a point where we can see the benefits,’’ said Betty Wojcik, executive director of the Lake Wales Area Chamber of Commerce, a city commissioner and one of the charter system’s trustees.

Lake Wales is a worthy stop on the school choice map, even in a state that now boasts 579 charters. It’s a story as much about small-town pride as it is about alternative ways to govern schools. Community leaders who launched the effort were motivated by a common fear: that if their schools continued to decline, so would their idyllic city of 14,000 in the rolling hills and orange groves of Central Florida.

Striking out on their own has meant embracing a do-it-yourself attitude from everything to serving hot lunches, to fixing school buses, to lobbying Tallahassee for money. It still presents big challenges. The number of low-income kids in Lake Wales’ schools ranges from 50 percent to 90 percent. But if anybody regrets bushwhacking a path on education’s new frontier, they’re few and far between.

“Having choice and that little bit of competition has made everyone more effective,’’ Wojcik said.

Community unites for the cause

Back in 2002, supporters said, Lake Wales’ schools had too many C and D grades from the state. Students were falling behind. Buildings were in decline. Families were fleeing to other communities. Some residents and business owners blamed the Polk County school district.

“Some felt our needs were being overlooked – some would say ignored,’’ said Frances McMichael, a former district employee who serves as community outreach coordinator for the Lake Wales system.

The disenchanted mobilized. Led by local attorney Robin Gibson, they began the serious study of converting five elementary schools, one middle school and high school into charters.

The idea wasn’t new in Florida or in Polk County. Polk had the state’s first conversion charter school – a traditional public school that is transformed when a majority of teachers and parents votes for the change. And it wasn’t really new for Lake Wales; the city operated its own schools until 1947, when the county consolidated them into one district.

Still, going charter was controversial.

“I was not in favor of it,’’ said Debra Wright, a former Polk principal who now serves as a district school board member representing Lake Wales.

Debra Wright
Debra Wright

Like others, she worried what charters would teach, what expectations they would have and how much money they would need. She feared what would happen to Lake Wales if the schools didn’t succeed.

Her husband, Clint, had been an area supervisor for the Polk district, so he knew the struggles in Lake Wales. Although the couple had moved away to work for the Broward County school district, Clint returned to become the first superintendent of the Lake Wales system. Debra followed to help turn around some of the charter elementary schools.

The experience opened her eyes to how education was evolving, she said. Since charters cropped up, the district has boosted its choice offerings, from International Baccalaureate programs to virtual education to more than 40 career academies.

Supporters of the Lake Wales charter system, a not-for-profit corporation, say the competition has resulted in improvements to the two district schools that remain in the area. The district, for example, added an arts academy to McLaughlin Middle School, which was graded a D by the state last year.

But relations between the two systems haven’t always been smooth. And there are still tensions.

The Lake Wales system wants McLaughlin Middle to join it. Jesse Jackson, who became system superintendent in 2008, said the idea is to provide a seamless education system, and to alleviate the need to remediate so many students once they come to Lake Wales Charter High School.

But conversion votes at the school failed in 2003 and in 2005, when teachers so overwhelmingly rejected the idea that charter officials decided not to poll parents. Some contributed the defeat to the dismissal of 11 teachers at Lake Wales High near the time of the vote. Teachers didn’t want to lose their job security.

But Lake Wales Charter Schools hasn’t given up.

“We’re extremely passionate about making sure we do everything in our power to serve children,’’ Jackson said. “And that’s all children.’’

Lake Wales Charter Schools Superintendent Jesse Jackson wants to elevate academics for every child in the city - not just in his schools.
Lake Wales Charter Schools Superintendent Jesse Jackson wants to elevate academics for every child in the city, he said, not just in his schools.

Exploring unchartered territory

Lake Wales is the only charter system in Florida to operate as a local education authority.

The 2011 designation gives it – and not Polk County Public Schools – the authority to manage federal programs such as Title I. The move resulted in an additional $1 million for his schools, Jackson said.

The victory followed others now considered key to helping the Florida charter movement as a whole.

Lake Wales successfully lobbied for Bok Academy to qualify for capital funding from the state in the first year, instead of waiting three years as the law required. It also fought to reduce the administrative fees it paid the district, saving the Lake Wales system nearly $1 million the first year, Jackson said.

The district was hit hard when it lost some of its funding to oversee charters, said Hazel Sellers, a four-term Polk County school board member. “Now we don’t get enough money.’’

Hazel Sellers
Hazel Sellers

She also worries what impact charter schools, in general, have on enrollment in district schools. “We’ve built schools based on certain needs,’’ she said. “Then a charter comes in and a school is under capacity. We still have to operate it or we may have to close it. That’s a painful thing to do.’’

But the district has to get along with charters, Sellers said, and Lake Wales Charter Schools has been a worthy partner to work through many of the concerns. “We cannot afford to be divided,” she said.

More independence has brought new challenges, though, to the Lake Wales system.

When it took over the federal lunch program from the district, administrators hired a company to prepare food at the high school then deliver it to the rest of the schools. That didn’t work. “Lettuce turned brown and we threw away more than the kids ate,’’ Jackson said.

Now a local vendor prepares the meals at each school. Jackson said they are saving money and feeding more children.

The system also bought its own buses, downsizing from six to three to save money. Maintenance is provided by a local company that specializes in truck and bus repairs.

“When you are a small system and run locally, you’re able to make local decisions,’’ Jackson said. “We don’t allow things to linger on.’’

It comes back to having that vision, school leaders say.

“We had the hope,” Principal Moses told the students at the morning celebration. “It really has changed education in the community. So students, let’s get ready for the ride.”

Coming tomorrow: A look at Robin Gibson, the man behind the mission to create a community-based charter school system in Lake Wales.

Avatar photo

BY Sherri Ackerman

Sherri Ackerman is the former associate editor of redefinED. She is a former correspondent for the Tampa Bay Times and reporter for The Tampa Tribune, writing about everything from cops and courts to social services and education. She grew up in Indiana and moved to Tampa as a teenager, graduating from Brandon High School and, later, from the University of South Florida with a bachelor’s degree in mass communications/news editing. Sherri passed away in March 2016.


David Larson

Thank you for the entirely one-sided article, Ms. Ackerman. If no one from McLaughlin Middle was available to speak with you, or the Polk School District, then it is valid to print this charter propaganda. If you did not contact them, then consider this free advertising, not journalism.

Sherri Ackerman

Hello Mr. Larson, thank you for responding to my article. I did not speak with anyone from McLaughlin, but I did talk to and quote two members of the Polk County School Board. I also exchanged emails with acting Superintendent John Stewart. All three district representatives expressed great respect for Lake Wales Charter Schools, and a strong desire to work with the system as a partner to educate Lake Wales’ children. Ms. Sellers and Ms. Wright also talked about the tensions that do exist between the two systems, but they both believed the competition has helped improve every school in Lake Wales while bringing more community attention to education. Ms. Wright, who represents Lake Wales, also stated she is against converting McLaughlin into a charter school, and she shared with me the information about the two previous faliled attempts.

Thank you, again, for your time.

Tim Sherman

Ms. Ackerman, Did you manage to have a chance to look at the demographic data differences between McLaughlin and Bok? I have been there since 2003 and the only feeling that I have received from the Charter system is that they want McLaughlin’s building, but they certainly don’t want McLaughlin students based on the fact that they hand select their students and disregard the rest to the public system as unworthy of the Bok title. Maybe you could make a stop by McLaughlin and see about the positives that our school is offering to the Bok rejected students of Lake Wales.

Sherri Ackerman

Hello Mr. Sherman, and thank you for your question. Yes, I did look at demographics and other data for all the schools, and I did see that Bok has a fewer percentage of students who qualify for free and/or reduced lunches (56 percent compared with 85 percent at McLaughlin, according to FLDOE). And while I understand a school’s grade doesn’t tell the whole story, I see how McLaughlin might have some bigger challenges to tackle. It sounded like the district was trying to address some of those concerns when it brought in a new arts academy and a new principal. I would be interested in visiting the school and seeing how it progresses in the coming year. And hearing more about why teachers – and parents and, maybe, students? – want to keep McLauglin a district school. It looks like Polk Schools has had great success with Spook Hill Elementary.

David Larson

Informed of the tensions between the two schools an the demographic data differentials, you did not address them in the article. Socioeconomic status is the leading indicator of student success, and to write McLaughlin’s successes off with a passing referral to the D grade coming from the state is short sighted at the least. The fact is that student who are accepted at Bok not only are the cream of the elementary school crop pointed there by charter schools in LW, but the ones that do not meet their academic or behavioral standards are expelled before they can affect the school’s grade. McLaughlin must teach all students, as it should be. It is too bad that news outlets cannot see past the obvious school grade to the real indicators of student success or the realities of teaching every child in America, not just the ones who are chosen.

I agree with the previous posters. This whole Charter System is terrible flawed, rooted in politics with a superintendent who has no one to answer too essentially. The “board” is little more than a facade.
Too bad I’m seeing this article over a year later.
I wish some of the fed up Lake Wales Residents would organize to get the changes needed in the charter system.
Quite honestly, Polk County School Board needs to come back in and take it all over.

Comments are closed.